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Tag Archives: CKD

The Management of Hypertension (Interventions)


Overall Goals The overall goal of treating hypertension is to reduce hypertension-associated morbidity and mortality. This morbidity and mortality is related to hypertension-associated target-organ damage (e.g., ASCVD, retinopathies, cerebrovascular events, heart disease, kidney disease, and PAD etc.). Reducing CV risk is the primary purpose of hypertension therapy and the specific choice of drug therapy should […]

The Management of Hypertension (Clinical Evaluation)


Frequently, the only sign of essential hypertension is elevated BP. The rest of the physical examination may be completely normal. However, a complete medical evaluation including a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, and laboratory and/or diagnostic test is recommended after diagnosis to identify secondary causes, identify other CV risk factors or comorbid conditions that may […]

The Management of Hypertension (Pathophysiologic Basises)


Hypertension is a common diseases and is defined as persistently elevated arterial blood pressure of >= 140/90 mm Hg. Most of patients belong to essential hypertension and a small percentage belong to secondary hypertension for which the most common causes include renal dysfunction resulting from severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) or renovascular disease. Besides, certain […]