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Tag Archives: ANS

[Clinical Skills] Elevated Body Temperature


Regulation of Body Temperature Internal body temperature is tightly regulated to maintain vital organ function, particularly the brain. Temperature deviation of more than 4 C above or below normal can produce life-threatening cellular dysfunction. Internal temperature is regulated be the hypothalamus, which maintains a temperature set point. The autonomic nervous system maintains body temperature by […]

Gastric Secretion and Its Regulation


Regulation Mechanism of Gastrirc Secretion Short and Long Reflexes Neural input provides an important mechanism for regulation of gastric secretion. Reflexes contribute to both the stimulation and inhibition (e.g., CGRP) of secretion. For example, distension of the stomach wall, sensed by stretch receptors, activates reflexes that stimulate acid secretion at the level of the parietal […]

The Pain – The Basic Concepts


Pain is an unpleasant sensation localized to a part of the body. It is often described in terms of a penetrating or tissue-destructive process (e.g., stabbing, burning, twisting, tearing, squeezing) and/or of a bodily or emotional reaction (e.g., terrifying, nauseating, sickening). Furthermore, any pain of moderate or higher intensity is accompanied by anxiety and the […]