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Monthly Archives: May 2015

Factors Contributing to Drug-Induced Diseases


Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors Toxic or exaggerated responses to normal drug doses can lead to drug-induced diseases and other adverse events for two reasons. First, excessively high concentrations of unbound drug or metabolite at the site of action may occur as a result of unusual pharmacokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) of the drug or metabolites. […]

The Way Chemotherapy Impacts Cancer


Understand how to be effective? Comparing drug targets in the treatment of bacterial and viral diseases to the treatment of cancer helps to frame the issue of drug targets in cancer. Bacteria possess numerous enzymes that are either unique to, or sufficiently different from, the host such that we have numerous classes of drugs with […]

Type of Observational Clinical Studies


There are several different schemes for classifying study designs. We have adopted one that divides studies into those in which the subjects were merely observed, sometimes called observational studies, and those in which some intervention was performed, generally called experiments. Observational Studies Observational studies are of four main types: case-series, case-control, cross-sectional, and cohort studies. […]

The Plan to Future (ongoing updating)


The good news is that I got the offer to the master degree program of clinical pharmacy in China Pharmaceutical University. The university is a pharmacy university as a whole. In China there are lots of Medical Universities but only two the pharmacy universities exist in China – China Pharmaceutical University and Shenyang Pharmaceutical University. […]

The Outcomes of Inflammation (Acute Inflammation)


Although, as might be expected, many variables may modify the basic process of inflammation, including the nature and intensity of the injury, the site and tissue affected, and the responsiveness of the host, all acute inflammatory reactions typically have one of three outcomes. Complete Resolution In a perfect world, all inflammatory reactions, once they have […]