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Monthly Archives: October 2014

My own opinion about the past, the present, and the future of Clinical Pharmacy in China


Clinical Pharmacy is a new term with a history of less than a century. One of which the ancestor is the UCSF School of Pharmacy, United States, who started the clinical pharmacy after 1960, with the landscape of “The UCSF Ninth Floor Project”. Despite that Pharmacy Schools in China had started the discipline of Clinical […]

The Management of Hyponatremia


The human body tightly regulates blood volume and plasma osmolality as both are essential for normal cellular function. Blood volume is important because it is a determinant of effective tissue perfusion which is required to deliver oxygen and nutrients to and remove metabolic waste products from tissues. The homeostatic mechanisms for controlling blood volume are […]

The Management of Nonemergent Hypotonic Hyponatremia


The desired outcome of nonemergent hypotonic hyponatremia is the same as described in the former post. For all hypovolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, the goal of treating patients is to resolve the underlying cause of the sodium and ECF deficits, and safely correct the hyponatremia. For all hypervolemic and euvolemic hypotonic patients the goal of treatment depends […]

How to install Mavericks 10.9.1 on PC


Well, I am a lucky guy today. I successfully installed Mavericks 10.9.1 on my PC. The brief device list of my PC is below. CPU: AMD FX6300 Mother Board: Asus M5A97 R2.0 Graphic Card: Sapphire HD7870 2GB Wireless Card: TP-link TL-WN851N Hard Disk: Seagate 80 GB OK. Let’s begin. First, the install process is based on […]

Fundamentals of Lung Auscultation


Generally, respiratory can be divided into two process: inspiration and expiration. As a result the sounds generated by breath can be along with the inspiration or expiration process. Below we first talk about the normal respiratory sounds, thereafter we focus on abnormal respiratory sounds. Normal respiratory sounds include tracheal sound, “vesicular” sounds. Abnormal respiratory sounds […]